In this course we will work through John Buridan's Sophismata (sophisms or paradoxes). We will use G. Klima's English translation of Summulae de Dialectica, 2001. We will concern ourselves primarily with the eighth chapter on self-reference, but we will also work through some of the first and second chapters on signification and truth. The most famous of the sophisms to the present-day philosopher is the so-called liar paradox, 'I am now uttering a falsehood'. There has been much recent discussion of such paradoxes and Buridan provides his own solution of them. To put things into perspective, we will compare Buridan's treatment of the sophisms to some contemporary solutions.
Prerequisites: None Evaluation: Three short essays of approximately 2000-2500 words each, and one presentation Primary text: Gyula Klima's English translation of John Buridan's Summae de Dialectica, Yale University Press, 2001 Secondary texts: Selection of journal articles